The Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas became the scripture.
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This process of transformation paved the way for a desirable fusion of the two streams of culture; this synthesis evolved Kerala culture as it is today. Kerala has a culture with certain distinct characteristics. Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity have contributed their significant share in enriching the cultural wealth of Kerala. At that time when Kerala was formed, the State was under President's rule.
The election conducted for the first time in March At that time there were Assembly and 16 Parliamentary seats. The Communist Party of India emerged as the single largest party in the Assembly with 60 seats. The 19 members LDF ministry was sworn into power on 18th may with Shri. Achuthanandan as the Chief Minister. Shri K. Radhakrishnan was elected as the speaker and Shri Josebaby as deputy speaker.
Kerala has 14 districts. Based on geographical, historical and cultural similarities, the districts are generally grouped into three groups:. The service sector, tourism, business process outsourcing, banking and finance, transportation etc. The key crops of Kerala include rice, coconut, tea, coffee, rubber, cashews, and spices - including pepper, cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg.
The state has some mineral resources also which include ilmenite, kaolin, bauxite, silica, quartz, rutile, zircon, and sillimanite. Industries include traditional manufacturing such items as coir, handlooms, and handicrafts, small-scale industries and some medium- and large-scale manufacturing firms. Kerala Travel Information. Kerala is one of the most romantic, beautiful natural attractions of the world.
It can attract a traveler with vast expanse of beaches, green shades of palm trees, lowlands, and sky scraping mountains, placid lakes and some of the most picture- perfect locations of the world. The distinctive features of Kerala are ayurveda, backwaters, beach tourism and short distances. The natural beauty packed with beaches, jungles, mountains and backwaters, Kerala is a hot destination for health tourism.
With age-old resources of Ayurveda, the visitors can rejuvenate their body, mind and soul. Ponmudi, a small hill resort is just 61 Kms from Thiruvananthapuram and on the way, one can see Neyyar dam and Neyyar Wildlife Sanctury. Kovalam, a picture perfect tiny beach is a certain charm and popular with travelers looking for rest from their hectic life. Kerala has 44 rivers, of which 41 originate from the Western Ghats and flow towards west into the Arabian Sea. The river Cauvery originate in Kerala and flow east into the neighboring States.
These rivers and streams flowing down from the Western Ghats either empty themselves in to the backwaters in the coastal area or directly into the Arabian Sea.
The important rivers from north to south are Valapattanam kms. Other than these, there are 35 more small rivers and rivulets flowing down from the Ghats. Most of these rivers are navigable up to the midland region for country crafts, which provide a cheap and reliable transport system. The presence of a large number of rivers has made Kerala rich in water resources, which are being harnessed for power generation and irrigation. Kerala is best in India in literacy and education.
According to the census of , the rate of literacy in Kerala is highest with an average of It signifies that Kerala is at par with advanced countries of the world on point of literacy. The Muslims had their Madrassas and Arabic Colleges.
The Madrassas give special emphasis on the learning of Quran, the life of the prophet, worship and the tenets of Islam. The beginning of Western education in Kerala may be associated with the work of Christian missionaries. The foundations of English education were firmly laid in Kerala. In , the University of Travancore with headquarters in Trivandrum was set up.
In following the birth of Kerala State, the Travancore University was recognised as Kerala University with jurisdiction over the whole of the state until when the new University of Calicut was established to cater the needs of North Kerala. Food in Kerala is light, fresh and easy to eat. The main food items are rice, coconut and vegetables, apart from fish. Food is traditionally eaten by the hand and served on a banana leaf. Another interesting feature is the abundant use of coconut oil, chilli, mustard seeds, curry leaves, and coconut milk.
Kerala is very rich in cultural heritage developed through the centuries and typical art forms, particularly folk dances. Kerala's culture is mainly Dravidian in origin, deriving from a greater Tamil-heritage region known as Tamilakam. Later, Kerala's culture was elaborated on through centuries of contact with overseas cultures.
Native performing arts include koodiyattom, kathakali — from katha story and kali performance — and its offshoot Kerala natanam, koothu akin to stand-up comedy , mohiniaattam dance of the enchantress , thullal, padayani, and theyyam. Other arts are more religion- and tribal-themed.
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These include chavittu nadakom, oppana originally from Malabar , which combines dance, rhythmic hand clapping, and ishal vocalisations. Kalaripayattu, the ancient martial art of Kerala is one of the oldest and most scientific and comprehensive systems of martial training existing in this world today, and it has its own system of medicine called kalari marma chikitsa.
The state's architectural wealth is embodied in its nalukettu- the traditional kerala house and other temple structures. These buildings represent the art of wooden construction at its best. Today very few new structures respect the traditions of Kerala architecture. Kerala's equable climate, natural abundance of medicinal resources, and the cool monsoon makes it the best place for curative and restorative packages using Ayurveda, a system of medicine developed around BC in India. Kerala is the only state in India, which practices this system of medicine with absolute dedication. The monsoon atmosphere provides dust-free and cool environment, opening the pores of the body to the maximum, making it most receptive to herbal oils and therapy.
This system of medicine gives attention on the prevention of body diseases in addition to curing them. Read Free For 30 Days. I to XVI Eng.
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